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With a population of approximately 9 million people, Lima is Peru’s capital city and is located on the arid coast. It was founded in 1535 by Francisco Pizarro and was the center of South America during colonial times. At that time, it was called the City of Kings. A diverse city, Lima is usually the first city in Peru that visitor’s experience.
Lima has a stable climate that is humid. In the summer months, December to March, the sun is strong and has an average temperature of 26 degrees Celsius. The rest of the year the sky is gray, but it never rains (only drizzles) and has an average temperature of 12 degrees Celsius.
Lima is a city of museums. There are more than 50 museums in the city, including the best in Peru. The museums cover different topics, such as history, archeology, anthropology, nature, culture, technology, art, religion, costumes, collections and crime. One of the best is the Museum de la Nacion, which has models of Peru’s archaeological sites.
One of the sights to see in Lima is the Plaza de Armas which features the capital buildings, the Cathedral and the Archbishop’s Palace. The area around the Plaza is full of museums and churches. In this area you can find the church and monastery of San Francisco, which is noted for its architecture and catacombs. Also, San Pedro is a Jesuit’s church which was built in the 17th century and is a good example of early colonial architecture. Santa Domingo church was built in the mid 15th century and is one of the religious jewels of colonial Lima and holds the remains of America’s first black saint. Saint Martin de Porres.
Lima has more than 30 recognized archaeological sites located inside the city. In Miraflores you can find the pre-Inca ceremonial and administrative site, Huaca Pucllana. In the Parque de las Leyendas Zoo you can see a complex of ceremonial sites belonging to the Maranga culture.
Outside of Lima you can also find important archaeological sites. South of Lima you can find the site of Pachacamac. This was a pre-Inca and Inca group of temples, plazas and urban zones.
If you like beaches, the best time for visiting Lima is in the summer but they can become very crowded between January and March.

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